The main gist of this book is the attempt to address the gap between the “Intellectual Property Rights and the Traditional Knowledge Based” in traditional African societies. It has always been a fact that the most scientific discoveries on medications in the modern society are based on the traditional knowledge. However, while the discoveries are recognized and protected under the law in various forms though mostly through patent, the later is not. The book inclusive other things like the on going biopiracy by multinational pharmaceutical corporations in traditional societies; tries to answer questions like: Do the International regulations protect the Traditional knowledge based? In whose favor are these regulations? What should be done to balance the interest in case the regulations do not guarantee that?